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Madrid Style

Where to sightsee

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Plaza de Oriente
Emblematic places

The Plaza de Oriente was built during the reign of Joseph Bonaparte (popularly known as "King Squares") with the aim to protect the Royal Palace against uprisings. It did not adopt its present-day layout until 1844. It is marked by a central garden and numerous statues that were intended to be installed on the cornice of the palace. The foremost of all the sculptures here is the equestrian statue of Philip IV, made by Pietro Tacca and Martínez Montañés according to sketches by Velázquez, as a gift from Cosimo de Medici to the Spanish king. It is said Galileo Galilei helped to do the calculations for its design.